Last updated on: 4/25/2013 | Author:

Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI, PhD Biography

Pope Emeritus of the Catholic Church
Con to the question "Should the United States Maintain Its Embargo against Cuba?"

“No-one should feel excluded from taking up this exciting search by the limitations of their basic freedoms, or excused from this by indolence or a lack of material resources – a situation which is worsened when restrictive economic measures, imposed from outside the country, unfairly burden its people.”

“Pope Benedict Criticises US Trade Embargo on Cuba,”, Mar. 28, 2012

Involvement and Affiliations:
  • Pope emeritus of the Catholic Church, Feb. 28, 2013-present
  • 265th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, Bishop of Rome, and head of state of Vatican City, Apr. 19, 2005-Feb. 28, 2013
  • Honorary Academic, Pontifical Academy of Sciences, 2000-present
  • Cardinal Bishop of Velletri-Segni, 1993-2005
  • Dean, College of Cardinals, 2002-2005
  • President, Preparatory Commission for the Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1986-1992
  • Cardinal and Archbishop of Munich and Freising (Germany), 1977–1982
  • Prefect, Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, 1981
  • Professor, Theology, University of Ratisbon, 1969-1977
  • Professor, Theology, Univeristy of Tübingen, 1966-1969
  • Professor, Theology, University of Münster, 1963-1969
  • Theological Advisor to Cardinal Joseph Frings, Archbishop of Cologne, 1962-1965
  • Professor, Theology, University of Bonn, 1959-1963
  • Professor, Philosophy and Theology, Higher School of Freising, 1952-1959
  • Vice Dean, College of Cardinals, 1998-2002
  • Education:
  • PhD, Theology, University of Munich, 1953
  • Studied Philosophy and Theology, Higher School of Philsophy and Theology of Freising, 1946-1951
  • Studied Philosophy and Theology, University of Munich, 1946-1951
  • Other:
  • Born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger in Marktl am Inn, Germany on Apr. 16, 1927
  • Drafted into the German anti-aircraft corps in 1943, trained in the German infantry, deserted the army, put in a POW camp by American soldiers, then released in May 1945
  • Ordained into the priesthood, June 29, 1951
  • Took the pontifical name Pope Benedict XVI on Apr. 19, 2005
  • Received honorary doctorates from: University of Wroclaw (2000), Libera Universita Maria Santissima Assunta (1999), University of Navarre (1998), Catholic University of Lublin (1988), Catholic University of Eichstatt (1987), Catholic University of Lima (1986), and College of St. Thomas (1984)